9.6. Python package plotly¶
The package plotly can be used in order to create two or three dimensional plots like in these examples:
For more examples see the plotly gallery under https://plotly.com/python/.
itom provides a renderer for plotly, such that plotly figures are displayed in an itom plot window, that has the same window managements functions than any other plot window (dockable, integrated in main window…). Additionally, the used itom plotly widget can be added to custom user interfaces and plotly figures can directly be displayed there.
In order to realize this, the itom plotly renderer has to be loaded and activated first. This is done by importing the module itomPlotlyRenderer (located in the itom-packages subdirectory of itom, that is already part of the Python sys.path).
In order to open a plotly figure in itom, make sure that you have the plotly package (requires pandas) installed. Then see the following example:
import itomPlotlyRenderer # x and y given as array_like objects import plotly.express as px fig = px.scatter(x=[0, 1, 2, 3, 4], y=[0, 1, 4, 9, 16]) fig.show() import plotly.graph_objects as go fig = go.Figure(data=go.Bar(x=[1, 2, 3], y=[1, 3, 2])) # it is also possible to pass a renderer name to the ``show`` command. # Passing ``itom`` is not necessary since it is set as default, however # it would also be possible to for instance pass ``browser`` such that # this figure is opened in a new browser tab. fig.show(renderer="itom")
This example is part of the official plotly examples. The only difference is the import of the itomPlotlyRenderer. The renderer, called itom is then set as default. Therefore, it is not required to pass it as keyword argument renderer to the fig.show command, however this shows how to set another renderer, e.g. browser if you would like to see the output in a browser tab.
In order to display a plotly output in any custom user interface, place the designer widget
PlotlyPlot from the itom Plugins section in your custom user interface and set a suitable
object name. In order to display the plotly output in this given widget, you have to pass
the handle to this widget (the
plotItem instance) to the keyword argument
plotHandle of the fig.show command. The following example code is taken from the plotlyGuiDemo.py
class PlotlyGuiDemo(ItomUi): def __init__(self): """Constructor.""" ItomUi.__init__(self, "plotlyGuiDemo.ui", ui.TYPEWINDOW, deleteOnClose=True) self.plotlyPlot = self.gui.plotlyPlot @ItomUi.autoslot("") def on_btnClear_clicked(self): """Clear the canvas.""" self.plotlyPlot.call("setHtml", "") @ItomUi.autoslot("") def on_btnPlot1_clicked(self): """From the bar plot demo of plotly. https://plotly.com/python/bar-charts/ """ with self.disableGui(disableItems=[self.gui.groupActions]): long_df = px.data.medals_long() fig = px.bar(long_df, x="nation", y="count", color="medal", title="Long-Form Input") fig.show(plotHandle=self.plotlyPlot)
Examples about the plotly integration into itom can also be seen in demo scripts, located in the demo/ploty subfolder of itom.